Philippine -Chinese relations is richly documented by archeological discoveries of the presence of porcelains dating from the start of the Sung to the Ming Dynasties ( 960-1644. William H. Scott (1968:66) in his research on pre-hispanic source materials in Philippine history wrote: Chinese “written references parallel chronologically the porcelains found in the Philippines.”
Chinese accounts of Yueh Shih(ca.986),Wang Ta-Yuan(1349),Annals of the Sung Dynasty(1367)and Ming Dynasties (1368-1644) mentioned places in the Philippines where the Celestial Empire traded and have diplomatic with. Below are the Chinese names and the equivalent in present Philippine place names (in alphabetical order): (see Patanne ,1996,Chapters V,,VII,VIII and IX)
Fang-chia-hsi-nan – Pangasinan. The Ming Shih recorded that Pangasinan sent tribute in the 1406,1410 and 1412.
Kia-mayen- see Chia-mayen
Li-chin-tung – Catanduanes
Li-han – Lubang (?) Lian , Batangas (?)
Liu-shin- Luzon (see Lu-song )
Li-yun- Bataan or Zambales
Lu-song – Luzon.Sent tribute envoy named Ko-cha-lao in 1405 ,as recorded in the Ming Shih.( Annals of the Ming Dynasty).
Ma-I / Ma-Yi- Chinese name for the Philippines,”the country… north of Po-Ni (Borneo).” (Chao-Ju-Kua, ) Sung Shih ( Sung Annals) recorded the visit of merchants from Ma-i in 982 A.D.
Ma-li-lu / Ma-Ni-Lu- Manila
Mintolang – Mindanao
Mou-li-wou – Manila
Nan-hai – “Southern Sea “ / South China Sea
Pai-p’uyen – Babuyan Island Ie Ilocos Region
Pa-kiad-nung / Pa-nung -kiad/Pa-suan-kian – Busuanga Island
Palau-yu – Palawan
Pi-Shio-Ya / Pi-sho-ye -Visaya (?)
P’u-li-lu – Polillo
P’u tuan – Butuan, sent tribute mission to China in Oct.3,1003,1007 and 1011 as recorded in Sung Shih.
San-su – “The Three Islands…Kia-mayen,Pa-lau-yu and Pa-ki-nung”
Su-lu – Sulu ,FAccording to Majul (2009:411) :”The earliest Chinese accounts on Sulu belong to the Yuan or Mongol Dynasty…in Wang Ta-Yuan’s acoount Tao-I;Chi-Lio in 1349’’. Sulu sent tribute to China in 1370, 1372,1416,1429,1421,1423 and 1424.Three rulers of Sulu visited Ming court in 1417.
Tung-Liu / Tong Lao – Tondo,ie Navotas-Malabon
de la Costa, Horacio.Reading in Philippine History.
Patanne,Eufemio P. The Philippines In the 6th to the 16th Centuries
Scott,William H. Prehistoric Source Materials in the Study of Philippine History.
Danilo V. Donor graduated A.B. History at Far Eastern University in Manila and MA Ed at the New Era University in Quezon City, Philippines. Mr. Donor was a former Assistant Professor in NEU where he taught History, Political Science and other Social Science subjects. He is presently living in Calgary, Alberta.