Aftermath of Moors’ Downfall in Spain (1492–1616)

2 January 1492 – The Catholic Monarchs, Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, take over Granada.

1492-1507 – The remaining Moors who want to stay in Spain form an alliance with the towns of Abarán, Ulea, Eyes, and Ricote were ordered to become Catholic and abandon the Muslim religion. King Ferdinand ordered to convert mosques to Christian churches. The king then appeals to the reigning Pope Julius II (nephew of Sixtus IV) to grant the aspirations of these new Christians. These former Moorish converts to Christianity will come to be known as the Moriscos.

1496 – All Moors are expelled from Portugal.

1502 – After various rebellions, the Moors are deemed in violation of their surrender terms and are forcibly expelled from Granada along with the Jews, who are widely perceived to have collaborated with the Moors against the Christians during Muslim rule. Muslims who were forcefully converted rather than be expelled are known as moriscos, and Jews who were forcefully converted as marranos.

1516 – King Charles I, the grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella, rises to the throne of both Castile and Aragon. With the conquest of Granada and Iberian Navarre, the modern nation of Spain is formed.

1519–1522 – Revolt of the Germanies of Kingdom of Valencia. In it, the rebels murder many Mudéjars and forcibly baptize and convert the rest. The rebels had been armed to take up coastal defense against the Barbary pirates, and saw the Muslims as both collaborators with the raiding overseas Muslims and competitors for jobs.

1526 – After convening a council to examine the problem, King Charles I declares that the forced conversions of the Muslims of Valencia and Aragon were valid, because they could have chosen death rather than convert.

1568 – Rebellion of the Alpujarras. After King Philip II introduces laws prohibiting Moorish culture, the remaining population of Moors who had forcefully converted to Christianity in order to remain in Spain, then known as Moriscos, revolt under the leadership of Aben Humeya in Granada. The rebellion is suppressed, in 1571, by John of Austria, Philip II’s half-brother, and the Moriscos are deported to different parts of the northern half of the Iberian peninsula.

1609 – Expulsion of the Moriscos – King Philip III issues the Act of Expulsion for the entire remaining Moriscos population, claiming that they appealed to the Ottoman Empire for military intervention in Spain.[3] They are viewed by some as a fifth column trying to rebuild the Muslim state in the Peninsula.

1616 – The last remaining Moriscos in the Iberian peninsula were expelled or, killed. After that, entire Muslim population of Spain and Portugal just vanished.

source: wikipedia

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