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The Historical Context and Legal Basis of the Philippine Treaty Limits – Lowell B. Bautista

Treaty and protocol signed at Versailles June 28, 1919; protocol signed by Germany at Paris January 10, 1920


TERRITORIES: Sulu Sea Specks

Annexation of Turtle Islands to US territory

With ceremonious solemnity last week Secretary of State Stimson and Sir Esme Howard, British Ambassador to the U. S.. signed an official document which added seven specks in the Sulu Sea to the U. S. domain. The specks were the Turtle Islands, southwest of the Philippines and some 20 miles off the North Borneo coast. The U. S. and Great Britain had at last agreed upon a boundary line between their possessions. Under the four-power Pacific Treaty of 1921, the U. S. is prohibited from using its new miniature archipelago as a naval base.

Average size of the Turtle Islands is…


 1494 Papal Bull (Treaty of Tordesillas)
 1761-1764 Alexander Dalrymple’s Treaties with Sulu in Malay and Tausug
 1842 Treaty Between the Sultanate of Sulu and the United States
 1899 Bates Treaty
 — 1898 Treaty of Paris, Articles of
 — The Bates Treaty- by Madge Kho
 — Treaty with the Sultan of Sulu – Speeches of US Sen. Pettigrew
 1915 Carpenter’s Agreement
 1930 Annexation of Turtle Islands to US Control
 1952-1954 US Foreign Policy- Re Adjacent Seas
  1958-1960 US Foreign Policy Re Philippines
  1964-1968 US Foreign Policy
 1964-1968 US Foreign Policy Re Sabah Dispute
  1969-1976 US Foreign Relation

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